A friend’s property, in the county my parents live in, is surrounded by a nine hole golf course that went out of business several years ago, and is about to be acquired by the US Fish and Wildlife Service. It is undergoing rapid ecological succession to a less managed state since they stopped mowing a few years back. This process is very common with abandoned farm land, but this is the first I’ve looked at a golf course. The place is interesting because the area is naturally wet, being originally part of a very large swamp/wetland complex (the “Great Black Swamp”) that stretched over many counties and caused this area to be the last settled in Ohio. The original vegetation, documented in 1820, was dominated by intermixed treeless wet prairie, and swamp or other northern wetland hardwoods, with standing water over the entire year common. The inherently wet soils might well have affected the course’s success, I don’t know.
Several tree species mentioned in the 1820 GLO land survey notes (see bottom image) are still present, including swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor), american elm (Ulmus americana), pin oak (Q. palustris), green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica), hickory (Carya cordiformis), eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), and unspecified willows (Salix spp.). Others have clearly come in post-settlement, including black walnut (Juglans nigra), northern catalpa (Catalpa speciosa), weeping willow (Salix babylonica), possibly silver maple (Acer saccharinum), and the completely misplaced jack pine (Pinus banksiana) and eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana) (most likely both as yard markers and fairway dividers). How the USFWS will manage the property will be interesting; it may be difficult to recreate the wet prairie habitat given that the natural drainage pattern is now highly altered by ditching and drain tiling.